The house fly is the most common fly in Australia along with the blow fly
It is believed to have evolved in the Cenozoic era, possibly in the Middle East, and has spread all over the world as a commensal of humans.
Diseases carried by house flies include typhoid, cholera and dysentery. Other diseases carried by house flies include salmonella, anthrax and tuberculosis. House flies have also been known to transmit the eggs of parasitic worms
The maggot larvae of the blow fly, often used as fishing bait, are known as gentles
Blow flies are the 2nd most common fly in Australia
They are metallic blue, green, or black in colour, and are noisy in flight
Adult blow flies feed on a variety of materials, but the larvae of most species are scavengers that live on carrion or dung. The adults lay their eggs on the carcasses of dead animals, and the larvae (maggots) feed on the decaying flesh
Drain flies, sink flies, filter flies, or sewer gnats are small true flies with short, hairy bodies and wings giving them a “furry” moth-like appearance, hence one of their common names “moth fly”.
There are more than 2600 described species worldwide, most of them native to the humid tropics.
These flies will be attracted to the fragrant liquid and drown
They differ from most flies in that they are ovoviviparous, opportunistically depositing hatched or hatching maggots instead of eggs on carrion, dung, decaying material, or open wounds of mammals, hence their common name
Adult flies do not bite but feed on a wide range of liquid substances
Flesh flies and their larvae are also known to eat decaying vegetable matter and excrement, and they may be found around compost piles and pit latrines
Maggots can infest and feed on the flesh of live animals and humans, a phenomenon known as “myiasis”
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