Flies of Australia – the most annoying pest

Flies of Australia

House fly:

  • The house fly is the most common fly in Australia along with the blow fly
  • It is believed to have evolved in the Cenozoic era, possibly in the Middle East, and has spread all over the world as a commensal of humans.
  • Diseases carried by house flies include typhoid, cholera and dysentery. Other diseases carried by house flies include salmonella, anthrax and tuberculosis. House flies have also been known to transmit the eggs of parasitic worms

Blow fly:

  • The maggot larvae of the blow fly, often used as fishing bait, are known as gentles
  • Blow flies are the 2nd most common fly in Australia
  • They are metallic blue, green, or black in colour, and are noisy in flight
  • Adult blow flies feed on a variety of materials, but the larvae of most species are scavengers that live on carrion or dung. The adults lay their eggs on the carcasses of dead animals, and the larvae (maggots) feed on the decaying flesh

Drain fly:

  • Drain flies, sink flies, filter flies, or sewer gnats are small true flies with short, hairy bodies and wings giving them a “furry” moth-like appearance, hence one of their common names “moth fly”.
  • There are more than 2600 described species worldwide, most of them native to the humid tropics.
  • These flies will be attracted to the fragrant liquid and drown

Flesh fly:

  • They differ from most flies in that they are ovoviviparous, opportunistically depositing hatched or hatching maggots instead of eggs on carrion, dung, decaying material, or open wounds of mammals, hence their common name
  • Adult flies do not bite but feed on a wide range of liquid substances
  • Flesh flies and their larvae are also known to eat decaying vegetable matter and excrement, and they may be found around compost piles and pit latrines
  • Maggots can infest and feed on the flesh of live animals and humans, a phenomenon known as “myiasis”
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